2018 Building Capacity of Japanese Oncology Nurses to be Tobacco Control Champions (JP-TCC)

The Building Capacity of Japanese Oncology Nurses to be Tobacco Control Champions (JP-TCC), is a collaboration between The Japanese Society of Cancer Nursing(JSCN) 日本がん看護学会, The International Society of Nurses in Cancer Care(ISNCC) 国際がん看護学会, and The Asian Oncology Nursing Society(AONS) アジアがん看護学会, with additional support and consultation from Dr. Stella Bialous, Dean Linda Sarna, and Dr. SO Kwok-wei. Funded by a grant from the Pfizer Foundation, Project ID#35604231, from 01/01/2018 - 12/31/2019.


 Brief description:


Smoking awareness is now recognized in Japan as a pressing issue that requires immediate action in terms of promoting cancer prevention. Various initiatives on cessation counseling and tobacco dependence treatment are being adopted nationally and locally, however Japan is far behind in educating citizens about smoking and adopting measures for against secondhand smoke compared to other developed countries and has been identified as underdeveloped in terms of its level as a smoke free society.


The prevalence of tobacco use in Japan is high compared to other countries at 19.6%; and when broken down by gender the prevalence is 32.2% among men and 8.5% among women. Additionally, over 130,000 people die each year of smoking-related diseases in Japan with many more affected by tobacco-related illnesses such as cancer, respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. In Japan, cancer affects one in every two people. The proportion of deaths due to cancer is extremely high, 40% of men and 5% of women die from cancer due to smoking. Given these numbers, policies toward being smoke free is the number one issue in Japan.


Nurses, the largest group of health care professionals worldwide, can play an important role in reducing tobacco-related illnesses and deaths via promoting strong tobacco policy and by advancing tobacco cessation counseling education.


The overall objective of this project is to cultivate clinical nurses involved in cancer treatment in Japan capable of providing evidence-based cessation counseling for tobacco dependence. Furthermore, to increase the nurses desire to provide smoking cessation and awareness to their patients, this project will form international partnerships with nursing associations and other countries to further develop the program.


The objective is to build an evidence-based smoking awareness education program for tobacco dependence focusing on the clinical nurses in Japan involved in cancer treatment. This program will be founded on the educational needs of the 1.08 million clinical nurses in Japan including the 5,000 members of the JSCN. In order to achieve this objective, the ISNCC and AONS will share with the JSCN the actual process of past initiatives used to educate nurse leaders involved in tobacco dependence treatment.


The two main components be used to achieve this objective include: 1) planning and offering of an instructor’s program, Training of Trainers (ToT) Workshop, to cultivate nurse leaders in tobacco cessation education and policy in Japan and 2) to develop, implement, and evaluate a web-based educational program (e-learning) using two webcasts and downloadable materials to disseminate knowledge regarding tobacco dependence treatment in both general medical and oncology settings thereby increasing nurses’ implementation of tobacco cessation interventions.